Indian agriculture and diary production systems are pre-dominantly small scale, resource scarce and face tremendous pressure in terms of high livelihood dependence and cater to the food and nutrition needs of the entire population. In this context, farmer producer companies, which have its origin in the cooperative movement across the country, collectivises farmers, especially small and marginal farmers across various activities of the agriculture value chain. Now it is high time to explore how the genesis and nature of such farmer producer companies established by government bodies, civil society initiativesetc. differ its impact on food production, farmers livelihood security and natural resource management fordifferent regions of the country. Under SDGs, the new agenda aims to provide relevant inputs to the National Policy for the Promotion of Farmer Producer Organisations, Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (NADP) etc. that would promote Farmer Producer Organisations (FPOs) for farmers’ livelihood security on a long-term basis.